How to learn piano scales?
Did you go to the piano a short time ago and dream of being able to accompany other instruments or even your voice? Have you heard of scales and just want to practice? Here is some information on piano scales and how best to integrate them.
The scales, the bases of the playful piano
During his first months or first years of instrument, a pianist learns music theory, the notes and rhythms , but not necessarily the scales. Yet this is one of the first lessons for guitarists for example. The ranges are the notes that, played together, “sound good”. The notes that make up the same range are in the same tone and are harmonious .
To play the range of C Major, it is to go from one Do to the other, on the keyboard, both hands together, then go down again. The passage of the thumb and middle finger are then for this specific example two technical steps that will allow you to play your scales without stopping. The more you control this passage of the fingers, the more fluid your game will be.
If you number your fingers from 1 to 5 (the thumb being the number 1) , you will have to raise the range as well with your right hand: Do / 1 – Re / 2 – Mi / 3 – Fa / 1 – Ground / 2 – The / 3 – Si / 4 – Do / 5. You will have to learn to move your thumb under your middle finger while keeping your hand straight. Note however 5-4-3-2-1-3-2-1 for the left hand. Another fingering is to master for other ranges, or to play two scales in a row.
Repeat our scales and arpeggios
“If we want to practice them every day, We will see our progress quickly encouraged”, that is what the Aristocats with conviction in the eponymous cartoon sings. Rigor is the secret of learning many instruments and the piano is no exception to the rule. The scales can be worked alone, using the notes played one after the other, or via other methods. Learn how to read a score in 7 points .
For example, Ernest Van de Velde’s ‘Déliateur’ is a collection of exercises that allows you to work on the sequence of notes, the speed and the looseness of your fingers, and some teachers advise their pupils to put an object together. example an eraser, on the top of their hand so that only the fingers move.
The range of C major, but not only!
The major ranges are the simplest to master and often the most harmonious to the ear. It’s just a matter of habit. The major scales are actually the following sequence of intervals: 1 tone – 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1/2 tone.
The so-called “altered” ranges are those that do not follow this logic. They are just as pretty to hear and you will be very useful when you will for example improvise or accompany a singer for example. There are three types of minor scales:
The natural minor scale: 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone
The harmonic minor scale: 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone and 1/2 – 1/2 tone
The melodic minor scale: 1 tone – 1/2 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1 tone – 1/2 tone
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